Cardinal Priest of Ss Gioacchino ed Anna al Tuscolano
Cardinal Groer was born of Sudetan German parents in Vienna, Austria on October 13, 1919, and he retained his Czechoslovak citizenship until 1939. He was ordained on April 112, 1942. Prefect at the Minor Seminary of Hollabrunn between 1946 and 1952, between 1952 and 1974 he dedicated himself to the restoration of the tradition of pilgrimages to the shrine of Our Lady of Roggendorf - a tradition abolished by Kaiser Joseph II. Groer was always active in promoting Marian devotion and in 1970 he assumed the spiritual direction of the Legion of Mary in Austria. In 1974, Groer joined the Benedictine Monastic Community of Roggendorf, in 1976 he entered the novitiate, and in 1980 he took his solemn vows as a Benedictine monk. On July 15, 1986, John Paul II named him Archbishop of Vienna, a position he held until 1995. He was elevated to the College of Cardinals during the Consistory of June 28, 1988.