Cardinal Priest of Sant'Antonio in Campo Marzio
Cardinal José da Cruz Policarpo was born on 26 February 1936 in Alvorninha (in the patriarchate of Lisbon, Portugal).
He was ordained a priest on 15 August 1961 after studying at the seminaries of Santarém and Almada and then the Major Seminary "Cristo-Rei"of the Olivais. He also studied dogmatic theology at the Pontifical Gregorian University, obtaining both a licenciate and a doctorate.
He was Rector of the Seminary of the Olivais from 1970-1997 and taught at the Catholic University of Portugal.
He was appointed auxiliary bishop of Lisbon on 29 June 1978 and consecrated in Lisbon by Cardinal António Ribeiro, patriarch of Lisbon, on 29 June 1978. He was made Coadjutor Archbishop of Lisbon on 27 March 1997 and succeeded to full governance on 24 March 1998, becoming the 16th Patriarch of Lisbon. He was elected President of the Portuguese Bishops' Conference on 13 April 1999.