Cardinal Deacon of St. Lucy of Gonfalone
Cardinal Marchisano was born on 25 June 1929 in Racconigi (Italy). He has a licentiate in Sacred Scripture from the Pontifical Biblical Institute and a doctorate in theology from the Pontifical Gregorian University.
He was ordained on 29 June 1952 in Turin and returned to Rome to study. While there, he began work in the Congregation for Seminaries and Universities for Cardinal Pizzardo. He was eventually named Undersecretary in 1969, a post he held until 1988.
He was a Monsignor in 1971 and taught catechism to deaf-mute children in Rome for over 30 years.
He was appointed secretary of the Pontifical Commission for the Preservation of the Artistic and Cultural Patrimony of the Church on 6 October 1988 and made bishop of the titular see of Populonia. He was consecrated on 6 January 1989 in St Peter's by Pope John Paul II.
On 4 September 1991, he was appointed President of the Pontifical Commission of Sacred Archeology, and then, on 3 May 1993, President of the Pontifical Commission for the Cultural Patrimony of the Church. He was promoted to the rank of Archbishop on 9 July 1994.
On 24 April 2002, he was named Archpriest of the Patriarchal Vatican Basilica, Vicar-General for Vatican City State and President of the Fabric of St Peter's Basilica. He was made President of the Permanent Commission for the Care of the Historical and Artistic Monuments of the Holy See on 8 March 2003.
Pope John Paul II elevated him to the College of Cardinals on 21 October 2003, with the deaconry of Santa Lucia del Gonfalone.